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How to Grow Soybeans in Polybags

Soybean is the third foodstuff after rice. Besides having a high protein content, soybeans can also be used as an ingredient in various food preparations. The main soybean producer in the world is the United States, although this soybean has been cultivated in various countries. In general, plants classified as legumes are planted in paddy fields or dry land after rice harvest. But even so, soybeans can also be planted in polybags or potting media to overcome land limitations.
Soybean Cultivation Opportunities
Soybean cultivation is one of the businesses that has good prospects. Although soybean plants have been widely cultivated, the need for soybeans is still not fully fulfilled, which makes the community always dependent on soybean import needs. In addition, soybean production in Indonesia is also unstable due to the spread of superior varieties and improper planting techniques. And on this occasion we will give a discussion regarding how to grow soybeans in a polybag that you can apply for those of you who do not have large tracts of land. Because only a few people know about a variety of planting media that can be used to cultivate soybeans such as in rice fields, fields or polybags which are also referred to as the modern horticultural plantation system. And on this occasion we will discuss it for you.
How to cultivate soybeans in pots or polybags
How to grow soy with polybags or pots is very easy, almost the same as how to grow soybeans in general. because this soybean plant can live on dry land though, with an optimal temperature of 23-45 ° C. In addition, in order to grow well this soybean plant must also have a good drainage system because soybeans do not like standing water, so it is suitable for planting in polybags. And the steps you must take when raising soybeans in a pot or poly bag are as follows:
1. Hatchery
Seed selection must be selected from a quality, healthy and free pest pest. The selection of these seeds will greatly affect the quality of soybean plants. The selection of quality seeds also has the power to grow faster and more uniformly.
2. Preparation of planting media
For planting media, you can use pots, polybags, or used containers that are not used with a minimum size of 30 cm. Next make a hole in the bottom of the pot so that water can flow. For planting media mix soil, manure, compost, rice husk and charcoal with a composition of 1: 1: 1. Sift all ingredients to get a smooth growing media, stir until all ingredients are mixed evenly, and make sure that the ingredients you use are of good quality. In addition to the mixture, you can also add about 3 tablespoons of urea in each pot. After everything is ready, place the pot or poly bag in a place that is not flooded. Enter 10 kg of sieved soil media for each poly bag. After the poly bag is ready, flush enough planting media and let it stand.
3. Planting
After the plant seeds and planting media are ready, then you can move the seeds into a pot or polybag that you have prepared. Cut the planting medium, but don't plant the hole too deep because it can inhibit the growth of the sprouts. Plant approximately 4 soybeans for each polybag.
4. care
To get the best crop yields, surely good and regular maintenance is needed. Soybean treatment in this poly bag is not as complicated as planting polybags in open fields which include:
Sprinkling
You can do soybean crop watering every 10 days for normal temperatures, and at high temperatures you can increase watering to maintain freshness, but do not let any water inundate your soybean plants, because it will be at risk of plant spoilage.
• Fertilization
For soybean plants, the types of fertilizers used are Urea, TSP and KCI fertilizers with a composition of 1: 2: 1 or according to plant needs. The need for fertilizer must also be adjusted to the typology of the soil. Fertilization of soybean plants can be carried out for three times a period which includes the provision of basic fertilizer, after 25 days of planting and when soybean plants are 40-45 days after planting. In addition to applying fertilizer, to reduce acidity, you can also apply lime to the growing media.
• Control of pests and diseases
There are various types of diseases and pests that attack soybean plants which include leaf pests, pod pests, rat pests, and various types of diseases caused by viruses or bacteria. For prevention efforts can be done by giving pesticides or insecticides. But for those of you who use the planting media in a poly bag will benefit a little because the risk of pest and disease attacks will be smaller. However, this way of controlling pests and diseases is very important

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